HelpPC 2.10 Quick Reference Utility Copyright 1991 David Jurgens

                   PSP - DOS Program Segment Prefix Layout

    Offset Size              Description

       00   word       machine code INT 20 instruction (CDh 20h)
       02   word       top of memory in segment (paragraph) form
       04   byte       reserved for DOS, usually 0
       05  5bytes      machine code instruction long call to the DOS
                       function dispatcher (obsolete CP/M)
       06   word       .COM programs bytes available in segment (CP/M)
       0A   dword      INT 22 terminate address;  DOS loader jumps to this
                       address upon exit;  the EXEC function forces a child
                       process to return to the parent by setting this
                       vector to code within the parent (IP,CS)
       0E   dword      INT 23 Ctrl-Break exit address; the original INT 23
                       vector is NOT restored from this pointer (IP,CS)
       12   dword      INT 24 critical error exit address; the original
                       INT 24 vector is NOT restored from this field (IP,CS)
       16   word       parent process segment addr (Undoc. DOS 2.x+)
                       COMMAND.COM has a parent id of zero, or its own PSP
       18  20bytes     file handle array (Undocumented DOS 2.x+); if handle
                       array element is FF then handle is available.  Network
                       redirectors often indicate remotes files by setting
                       these to values between 80-FE.
       2C   word       segment address of the environment, or zero (DOS 2.x+)
       2E   dword      SS:SP on entry to last INT 21 function (Undoc. 2.x+) ╪
       32   word       handle array size (Undocumented DOS 3.x+)
       34   dword      handle array pointer (Undocumented DOS 3.x+)
       38   dword      pointer to previous PSP (deflt FFFF:FFFF, Undoc 3.x+) ╪
       3C  20bytes     unused in DOS before 4.01  ╪
       50   3bytes     DOS function dispatcher CDh 21h CBh (Undoc. 3.x+) ╪
       53   9bytes     unused
       5C  36bytes     default unopened FCB #1 (parts overlayed by FCB #2)
       6C  20bytes     default unopened FCB #2 (overlays part of FCB #1)
       80   byte       count of characters in command tail;  all bytes
                       following command name;  also default DTA (128 bytes)
       81 127bytes     all characters entered after the program name followed
                       by a CR byte

       - offset 5 contains a jump address which is 2 bytes too low for
         PSP's created by the DOS EXEC function in DOS 2.x+  ╪
       - program name and complete path can be found after the environment
         in DOS versions after 3.0.  See offset 2Ch.

       ╪ see Bibliography for reference to "Undocumented DOS"

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